Wednesday, March 22, 2023

UK shifts focus back to Euro-Atlantic ties to counter threats from Russia, China – Usky News

LONDON: Britain has turned its attention to Euro-Atlantic ties in a major refresh of its integrated review in the face of growing threats from Russia and China as well as threats to free and open societies around the world.
The Integrated Review Refresh (IRR) 2023, presented to the House of Commons on Monday, said the UK is in a period of extreme risk and volatility that is likely to last beyond the 2030s. “The primacy of the Bretton Woods institutions is eroding, and the use of economic coercion is increasing,” the report said.
“The security and prosperity of the Euro-Atlantic will remain our main priority, underpinned by the resurgence of our European relationship,” UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak wrote in the preamble to the IRR, which sets out the UK’s wider national security and international strategy. does. “China presents an epochal challenge to the kind of international order we want to see, both in terms of security and values,” he said.
IRR2023 is a refresh of the first integrated review brought out in 2021, when the UK announced the Indo-Pacific tilt.
Sunak cited Russia’s illegal invasion of Ukraine, weaponisation, and said: “I am proud that the UK has delivered on the ambition it set for the Indo-Pacific tilt… but that could not be seen in full in 2021.” , that was the pace of geopolitical change.” Energy and food supplies and irresponsible nuclear rhetoric combined with China’s more aggressive stance in the South China Sea and Taiwan Strait. “These threats are threatening to create a world defined by disorder and division – and an international order more conducive to authoritarianism,” he wrote, noting the risks of terrorism and organized crime emanating from the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan. Wrote keeping
The report added that the UK, however, would continue to prioritize the Indo-Pacific. “Developments there will have an adverse impact on the global economy, supply chains, strategic stability and norms of state behaviour. Having delivered the original IR ambition for a ’tilt’, we will ground our approach to the Indo-Pacific on a long-term strategic basis, making the region an enduring pillar of UK international policy. It added, “A core tenet of the UK’s approach to the Indo-Pacific will be to support a vision of a free and open Indo-Pacific shared by many regional partners.”
The report noted that tensions are rising in the Indo-Pacific and that conflict there “could have greater global consequences than the conflict in Ukraine”.
“The CCP is increasingly clear in its aim to make the China-centric international order more conducive to its totalitarian order, and is pursuing this ambition through a comprehensive strategy – shaping global governance in ways that protect individual undermine rights and freedoms, and pursue coercion. practices. China’s deepening partnership with Russia and Russia’s growing cooperation with Iran in the wake of the attack on Ukraine are two developments of particular concern.
Sunak on Monday announced a doubling of UK funding to build expertise in the UK government and British embassies on China. This would include training civil servants on Chinese economic and military policy as well as Mandarin language skills. Universities will be given the necessary tools to deal with interference and threats to academic freedom.
The report notes that the growing correlation between like-minded allies and partners is translating into a new network of “Atlantic-Pacific” partnerships, based on a shared vision that the Euro-Atlantic and Indo-Pacific countries will prosper and Security is inextricably linked. This is seen in the growing importance of the G7, the close cooperation of countries such as Australia, the Republic of Korea and India with the G7 countries, and the commitment of many Indo-Pacific countries to support Ukraine’s self-defense.
The report said Britain supports reform of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and would welcome Brazil, India, Japan and Germany as permanent members.


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